Ten years after the signing of the Instabul Convention to stop violence against women, it has more and more enemies

Ten years after the signing of the Instabul Convention to stop violence against women, it has more and more enemies

Ten years after the signing of the Instabul Convention to stop violence against women

Many countries parade or oppose its application. While the pandemic has worsened the living conditions of women around the world

Photo: Tatyana Fazlalizadeh It has been 10 years since the signing of the Istanbul Convention, the first legally binding international treaty on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. However, in Italy and around the world, we are still a long way from closing the gender gap and the living conditions of women have worsened with the arrival of the Covid-19 pandemic. The World Economic Forum has estimated that it will take at least 135 years to reach a level playing field between men and women, while according to Eurostat one in three women has suffered physical or sexual violence since the age of 15.

To date, only 33 countries have signed, ratified and implemented the Convention in their national legal systems. While 11 signed it without ratification and one country, Turkey, decided to withdraw from the treaty last March, because according to the Ankara authorities it would hide an ideological component aimed at "normalizing homosexuality, which is incompatible with social values ​​and family members ”of the country. A completely false conclusion.

What the Convention supports

The Istanbul Convention represents a milestone in the fight against gender-based violence and the protection of women's rights. It establishes equality between men and women and defines gender-based violence as a discriminatory act and a violation of human rights, which includes acts and threats that cause physical, sexual, psychological and economic suffering. In addition, it points to a range of wide-ranging measures to prevent violence, protect victims and prosecute the perpetrators. Providing the signatory countries with a series of tangible measures to be put in place such as shelters, help lines and tools to give comprehensive help to the victims of all types of violence.

Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Denmark , Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Poland, Norway, Spain and Sweden are the European countries that have ratified the treaty. While Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia and Slovakia have only signed. Ratification by a state obliges the country to adapt the civil and criminal law to the Convention, introducing concrete measures for the prevention and protection of the victims of violence and to punish the guilty.

The countries that are oppose the convention, or who have not ratified it, reject these changes in the name of the protection of traditional Catholic or Islamic values ​​and the common opposition against "gender equality" a concept that, according to them, would subvert the order constituted and to support a so-called "homosexual ideology". For example, in Bulgaria the convention has been declared unconstitutional, while according to the Polish Minister of Justice, Zbigniew Ziobro, it is "a feminist invention that aims to justify homosexual ideology". Positions without foundation.

Data on violence

After Turkey's exit from the Convention, Poland has also shown this intention and the opposition of conservative parties to this is growing worldwide treaty. At the same time, the number of complaints of domestic violence are steadily increasing, especially since the global pandemic has forced more and more people to stay indoors. Shelters for victims and requests for assistance have seen a surge throughout 2020 and in the first months of 2021.

Istat reports that only in Italy, since January, more than one femicide per week. A trend, in our peninsula, which is experiencing an alarming growth. Homicides within the family have increased by 126.5% since 2002 and in 2019 Istat recorded that 83% of victims in this context were women. In the first half of 2020, femicides accounted for 45% of total homicides - compared to 35% in the first six months of 2019 - and reached 50% during the lockdown in March and April. 90% of these women were killed in the emotional or family context and 61% of the total by partners or former partners.

The gender gap in the workplace is obviously contributing to this situation. social. Still in Italy, female employment is around 56%, according to the Censis (Center for Social Studies and Investments), against 75% of male employment and, according to the report of the Foundation for Labor Consultants Studies, women represent 55. , 9% of the total jobs lost as a result of the pandemic.

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