CO2 emissions: the first fines for less sustainable homes will arrive at the end of 2020

CO2 emissions: the first fines for less sustainable homes will arrive at the end of 2020
The end of the year 2020 represents a very important appointment for car manufacturers. In the past twelve months, each registered vehicle was required to prepare to comply with the strict parameters on CO2 emissions, established in 2018 following the climate agreement signed in Paris. The maximum deadline calculated according to the weighted average on all registrations must not exceed 95g of CO2 / km.

An epochal challenge that could lead to a real economic disaster for many manufacturers. The penalties for those who do not respect the emission limit envisaged provide for a fine of 95 euros for each gram of CO2 in excess of the limit established by the EU. A figure to be multiplied in turn by the number of vehicles registered in 2020: we are talking about billions of euros.

95 euros for every gram of CO2

The emission limit set by the community has led to a disruption of development plans for car manufacturers. The two-year deadline forced a reassessment of electrification times and projects, leading most of the investments towards more sustainable mobility. Almost every brand now offers different solutions: from plug-in hybrid to full electric, which have multiplied in recent months despite the fact that the charging infrastructure network is not yet ready and probably will not be in the near future.

Photo credit - depositphotos .com The European body thus established a very low limit and very high penalties. For each manufacturer there is a maximum average of 95g of CO2 / km for each registered vehicle. An identical value for all, without considering the different segments, the different sales volumes and the different production capacity.

If the manufacturer does not respect the strict parameters, he would be forced to pay a fine of 95 euros for each gram of CO2 in excess. Considering the sales volumes, we are talking about billions of euros of sanctions that would undermine an entire sector, strategic in Europe.

The most "virtuous" houses

Based on emissions average for each registration, in Europe according to the updated ranking the manufacturer with the most virtuous result is PSA with an average of 97.9 g CO2 / km. Toyota is in second place with just over 100g, followed by the Renault Nissan alliance with 105.5g. In fourth place Hyundai-Kia with 106.7g. FCA is sixth with 109 g.

HyperFocal: 0 It is useless to deny it, values ​​of this type require careful planning on the models in the price list for next year. Many manufacturers will focus on sustainable technologies, such as plug-in hybrids which, during the homologation phase, ensure emissions values ​​that are capable of significantly lowering the average. If it is not possible to recharge the battery often, the emissions value would be 2 to 4 times higher than that declared. An obvious example of how many flaws there are in a summary evaluation system prepared with great haste, without considering the real needs of the builders.

More and more stringent standards

In the first year of entry into force of the anti-emissions legislation, the European community will take into consideration only 95% of registrations, to facilitate manufacturers towards a sustainable transition. However, starting from 2021 this 5% threshold will be excluded and the calculation of the average CO2 will be made on the total number of registrations.

The limit of 95 g of CO2 / km will be further lowered starting from 2025 by around 15% and a further 37.5% in 2030. A circumstance that further scares European manufacturers, put to the test by the Covid-19 pandemic and requiring a derogation. Exemption currently not yet granted by the European community.

In order to get closer to the objectives established in terms of emissions, it is allowed to purchase green credits from the most virtuous houses. A program that allows for collaboration between different brands and which cannot exceed five years in duration. An eloquent example is that of FCA Tesla: the Italian-American group paid approximately 1.8 billion dollars into the Californian coffers to purchase "verse" credits in order to be able to approach the target set by the EU.

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