The steps to form Parliament and government after the elections

The steps to form Parliament and government after the elections

The political elections of 25 September 2022 ended with the lowest turnout ever and 37% abstention, equal to about 17 million people. The consultations have delivered a clear right-wing majority, which has obtained about 44% of the seats, and in particular to Fratelli d'Italia, which leads with over 26% of the preferences. Now the phases of constitution of the new Parliament and the new government are opening. Due to the reduction in the number of members of both branches of Parliament, we will end up with smaller chambers: from 640 to 400 seats in the Chamber and from 315 to 200 in the Senate.

The new chambers will meet for the for the first time next October 13, with the establishment of the provisional Bureau, the provisional elections council and the proclamation of substitute deputies, the election of presidents which will take place by secret ballot and the formation of parliamentary groups. Only after the completion of these parliamentary procedures, the President of the Republic will begin the consultations for the formation of the new government.

Who will lead the first session of the Chamber and Senate The election of the presidents of the Chambers The parliamentary groups Formation of the new government The appointment of the prime minister The oath Bell ceremony Confidence in the Chambers The results of the elections: wins the right, Brothers of Italy first party According to the partial counts from the vote of 25 September comes the exploit of Giorgia Meloni over 26%, who gives the right-wing coalition the majority of the seats. The Lega collapses, Pd below 20% and Movimento 5 Stelle recovering compared to forecasts but halved compared to 2018

Who will lead the first session of the Chamber and Senate

The first session of the two chambers will be the member senior member of the Senate, Giorgio Napolitano, or in his absence the life senator Liliana Segre or the founder of Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi, just re-elected to the Senate, and the most senior vice president for the Chamber of the previous legislature, Fabio Rampelli of Fratelli d 'Italy.

The election of the presidents of the chambers

The first action of the new parliament will be to vote the presidents of the chamber and the senate. The election will take place by secret ballot. In the Chamber, for the first ballot, a two-thirds majority is required, for the second two-thirds are enough, including blank ballots, while from the third ballot onwards, an absolute majority is enough.

In the Senate, on the other hand, election is faster, with an absolute majority required only for the first two ballots, following which a ballot is held between the two most voted candidates if no one has obtained an absolute majority. In the event of a tie, the eldest person is elected or enters the ballot.

The parliamentary groups

After the election of the presidents of the two chambers, the representatives must form the parliamentary groups, declaring which one they want to merge into. At least 20 deputies and female deputies are needed to form a group in the Chamber, while in the Senate only 10 senators or senators. Whoever decides not to join any group ends up in the Mixed group.

Formation of the new government

At the end of these procedures, the President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella will start the consultations of the new government, welcoming the representatives of the majority at the Quirinale. This process could take several days, even if the Parliament will be forced to speed up the paperwork in order to be able to vote the budget law by December.

The appointment of the prime minister

After the consultations, the President of the Republic will call the Prime Minister - or the Prime Minister - designated by the political groups to the Quirinale, to give him the task of forming the new executive. Usually the person indicated accepts with reserve, that is, he does not accept immediately, but reserves the right to verify the support of the coalition parties before confirming the appointment. The person in charge then opens new consultations and, at the end of the talks, dissolves the reservation before the President of the Republic, confirming that he is ready to start the new government, and presenting the list of new ministers to be appointed by decree of the President. br>

The oath

After the prime minister has accepted the post and the president of the republic approves the list of ministers, the government team will have to swear in the hands of the president.

Ceremony of the bell

As per tradition, the outgoing prime minister will pass the bell with which the meetings of the Council of Ministers begin to the new prime minister, formally marking the passage of power between the two.

Confidence in the Chambers

Having concluded all the previous steps, the new Prime Minister will present himself to the Chamber and Senate to receive the confidence of Parliament.

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